Daily Life in New France



Officers and their families enjoyed more comfortable surroundings than did soldiers. When officers lived with civilians, they were provided with their own rooms. More and more Canadians held positions as officers, and they sometimes lived in their own houses in town. This was true at Louisbourg as well, where part of the barracks was outfitted for them. Captains were entitled to private rooms, while junior officers were placed two to a room.

Officers' rooms contained one or two beds, often four-posters, with a table and chairs, a chest, and possibly a wardrobe. Bed and window curtains were often green, a favourite colour in barracks. Wealthier officers had tapestries, and many hung mirrors and pictures on their walls. All possessed certain basic amenities such as china, silver or pewter cups and table settings, which could be found not only in the cities but also in such isolated posts as Port Toulouse on Île Royale and Fort Saint-Frédéric or Michilimackinac in Canada.