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"Pocket" Battleship

Three vessels built by the Germans to circumvent treaties limiting the size of their warships. By clever design, comparatively small (c. 10,000 tons) ships were given near-battleship guns (11 inch) and armour. The great worry regarding these warshipswas that they might attack convoys leaving Halifax for Britain. The Admiral Graf Spee is the most famous of the three, because of its scuttling off Montevideo (Uruguay) following the Battle of the River Plate against three Royal Navy cruisers in December 1939.